Food Processing & Manufacturing

Canada is one of the three largest food exporters in the world. The largest income to the country’s budget comes from the sale of grain crops, fish and seafood, pork and beef, bakery products, ready-made food products, and chocolate.

National foods

Roast beef, Langet, Fillet brochette, Stew of beef, Poutine, Smoked meat in Montreal, Bannock bread, Soup puree with mushrooms, Pumpkin soup, Maple syrup, Dessert(parfait), Nut cake, Lemon muffins, Beaver Tails, Nanaimo Bars.

Export to countries

  • North America – 71% Predominantly the USA
  • Asia – 11% – Mainly China, Japan
  • Europe – 8.5% – Predominantly UK, Germany, France
  • South America – 1% – Predominantly Brazil, Colombia, Peru

National drink – whiskey

Canadian whiskey is an independent type of whiskey that is produced only in this state. According to the regulations, in order for the belonging to the country to be confirmed, the drink must be completely produced in Canada, starting from the preparation of the wort and ending with aging. As a rule, only blended whiskeys are produced here. The main component of the drink is alcohols obtained as a result of the distillation of fermented wort from wheat, corn, rye and barley. Exposure is also regulated by special rules, which must last at least three years. The maximum drum capacity should not exceed 700 liters. The taste of Canadian whiskey is considered softer and lighter than in other countries. The most famous brands of the drink here are “Canadian Club”, “Black Velvet”, “Seagram’s”.

It is forbidden to transport alcohol from province to province without special permission.

National dish – Poutine

Canada can be safely called a country of fast food. The national dish is considered to be poutine – a kind of French fries. The main component of the local delicacy is French fries, which are poured over with sauce and sprinkled with curd cheese. Quebec is considered the birthplace of poutine, or rather, its remote place. It is known that the dish was invented in the 50s of the last century, but the author of the masterpiece is unknown. There are several versions of poutine ‘s appearance in Canada, in each of which the authorship is attributed to chefs from various restaurants, most likely to raise their rating. Now poutine is served in almost all local catering establishments. Canadians believe that the guarantee of tasty poutine is quality cheese. They use cheddar cheese to prepare their favorite dish.

Foods for export

  • $1.5 billion – Wheat
  • $4.28 billion – Rapeseed
  • $3.1 billion – Dried Legumes
  • $2.39 billion – Crustaceans
  • $2.36 billion – Pork
  • $2.24 billion – Bakery products
  • $1.87 billion – Soybeans
  • $1.47 billion – Chocolate
  • $1.2 billion – Beef
  • $1.15 billion – Plant residues
  • $1.09 billion – Cattle
  • $932 million – Frozen vegetables
  • $868 million – Prepared food products
  • $844 million – Uncut fresh fish

Food industry

Maple syrup is a sweet product that is made from the sap of various types of maple trees, mostly sugar. Approximately 85% of the world’s maple syrup is produced in Canada – more than 40 thousand tons annually. The export value of this product is C $145 million per year. Most of all syrup is made in the province of Quebec. There are also production facilities in Ontario and New Barswick. The collection of maple sap takes place at the end of February – during the “crying of plants”. Pickers select trees be-tween the ages of 30-50, drill holes in them, and insert gutters with hooks through which the sap flows into the buckets. In order to get 1-liter maple syrup, one needs to process about 40 liters freshly harvested sap of trees since the water content in it can reach 96%. This product is not only tasty but also healthy. It contains many substances and vitamins necessary for the body. Due to its properties, the syrup is even used in all kinds of weight-loss diets. In cooking, the product is mainly used in the confectionery industry.


In Canada, only the southern regions are characterized by favorable conditions for the development of agriculture. Despite this, the agricultural sector is one of the main in the country’s economy. The state is one of the five world producers of agricultural products. This sector accounts for 1.7% of Canada’s GDP. 15% of the entire territory of the country is suitable for cultivation. About 70 million hectares are occupied by agricultural land. The agricultural industry is supported by grain and oilseeds, meat and milk. About 32 million tons of wheat, 15 million tons of barley, 7 million tons of corn, 4 million tons of oats are harvested in Canada annually. As for animal husbandry, there are 16 million head of cattle, 11 million of pigs, 600 thousand of sheep, and 80 million of poultry.

Fishery in the country

Canada is washed by the waters of three oceans, and the length of the coastline reaches 202 thousand kilometers. Near the country is a shelf bank called the Great Newfoundland Bank, which contains one of the largest fish stocks in the world. Not surprisingly, fishing is Canada’s oldest economic activity, employing around 130,000 people. The Canadian fishing fleet numbers approximately 17,000 vessels. The main types of fishing are marine and coastal. More than 1 million tons of fish are caught by Canadians annually, which keeps the country in high positions in the world ranking for this indicator. They mainly fish for crayfish, lobster and shrimp. Carp and salmon are especially valued. Aquaculture is relatively small compared to other countries. And amateur fishing brings quite a lot of income to the country – about 300 thousand licenses are sold in Canada every year.